National Association of Local Authorities of Ghana (NALAG)

Ashanti

KUMASI METROPOLITAN ASSEMBLY

ABOUT KMA

The city of Kumasi was founded in the 1680’s by King Osei Tutu I to serve as the capital of the Asante State (Fynn, 1971).  Given its strategic location and political dominance, Kumasi as a matter of course, developed into a major commercial centre with all major trade routes converging on it (Dickson, 1969).

However, it came under the influence of the British rule in 1890 (Adu Boahen, 1965).  With time the city began to expand and grow thereby making it second only to Accra in terms of land area, population size, social life and economic activity.  Its strategic location has also endowed it with the status of the principal transport terminal and has assured its pivotal role in the vast and profitable distribution of goods in the country and beyond.

Kumasi is located in the transitional forest zone and is about 270km north of the national capital, Accra and it was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 2059.  The Metropolis lies between latitude 6.35o – 6.40o and longitude 1.30o – 1.35o, an elevation which ranges between 250 – 300 metres above sea level with an area of about 254 square kilometres.  The unique centrality of the city as a traversing point from all parts of the country makes it a special place for many to migrate to.  The metropolitan area shares boundaries with Kwabre East District to the north, Atwima District to the west, Ejisu-Juaben Municipal to the east and Bosomtwe to the south.

Its beautiful layout and greenery has accorded it the accolade of being the “Garden City of West Africa”. From the three communities of Adum, Krobo and Bompata, it has grown in a concentric form to cover an area of approximately ten (10) kilometers in radius.  The direction of growth was originally along the arterial roads due to the accessibility they offered resulting in a radial pattern of development.  The city is a rapidly growing one with an annual growth rate of 5.47 per cent (Regional Statistical Office, Kumasi).  It encompasses about 90 suburbs, many of which were absorbed into it as a result of the process of growth and physical expansion. 

The population of the Metropolis according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census stands at 1,730,249 with 826,479 males 903,770 females.

ECONOMY
The metropolis is the third most important one in Ghana in terms of industrialization and contribution to economic activity.It thus provides some of the best investment opportunities available in the country for private, local and foreign investors to exploit. With a sea port at Takoradi and railway connections to other parts of the country (Ghana Railway Corporation is actually headquartered in the Metropolis), enterprises can easily bring in inputs and take out finished products.

The climatic conditions and soil types in the Metropolitan area can support the cultivation of both tree and food crops. Oil palm, cocoyam, plantain, cassava and rice are all cultivated on a small-scale. Vegetables such as pepper, tomatoes and garden-eggs are planted under rain-fed conditions. There is plenty of opportunities for new investors entering this sector to cultivate any of these crops.

A considerable amount of undergrowth created by coconut and oil palm plantation creates an evergreen vegetation throughout the year, which is suitable for livestock grazing. Cattle, poultry, pig and rabbit production is carried out and livestock producers always to maximize profits. Marine fish production in the metropolitan area at 16,692 metric tons is about 36% of the region’s marine fish production.

However, the marine resources are over-exploited and this has necessitated the encouragement of inland fishing. The metropolis has a total cold storage capacity of 1,737 metric tons but there is plenty of need for more capacity, which creates another major investment opportunity. The metropolis, being the third most industrialized city in the country,is home for major industries, which, with a few exceptions, process agricultural, forest or mining products.

The main industrial area has about 28 industries, including some of the major ones in the country. The harbour area has two giant factories, the Ghana Cement Works Factory and the Takoradi Flour Mills. The Sekondi sector has sawmills, a railway yard and Limestone Products, another major company. The sand winning and stone quarrying industries engage about 0.42% of the entire labour force and is carried out at several locations.

Most of the trading activities take place in the Central Business District in Takoradi, which harbours, among other services, the main central market, departmental and retail stores, several filling stations and banks.While Takoradi market is heavily congested, markets such as those at Sekondi and Effia-Kuma are under-utilized.Virtually all the major banking and insurance institutions are located in the metropolis and are concentrated in Takoradi.

TOURISM
Rich unadulterated culture is up for tourists viewing in Kumasi and for this, the metropolis has gained much recognition.This is visible from royal Akwasidae Festivals to fetish rituals and even to everyday ceremonies.Kumasi metropolis also has several unique tourist attractions. One is the Centre for National Culture, which helps to promote, preserve and protect Ghana’s culture.

It provides facilities for recreation and opportunities for study and research in the arts and craft industry in Ghana.The famous Golden Stool, which was conjured from the sky by Okomfo Anokye, which today forms the symbol of the Ashanti nation and the collective soul of the Ashanti tribe, is housed at the Manhyia Palace. The Palace is itself a major tourist attraction, being the residence and court of the Asantehene, King of Ashanti.

Okomfo Anokye’s Sword is behind the Teaching Hospital named after him and is said to be immovable.The Bantama Royal Mausoleum is where the bodies of Ashanti kings were preserved until the late 1850s.Non-members of the royal family cannot enter the mausoleum.There is also the Kumasi Fort and Military Museum, which exhibits relics of Ashanti wars, the two World Wars and Ghana’s recent military history.

Kumasi Zoological Gardens
For nature lovers, there is the Kumasi Zoo, adjacent to the Cultural Centre, and has on display reptiles, lions, elephants, birds and primates. The metropolis has hotel facilities that cater for all groups of people from budget hotels to those of international standards.

Kumasi Zoological Gardens (Kumasi Zoo) was opened as a result of a decision taken in July 1951 by the Asanteman Council to preserve Ashanti culture, foster social research and publish journal notes on Ashanti customs and other matters of general interest.

The Zoo was officially opened in 1957 with the purpose of displaying indigenous wild animals of Ghana in captivity (including free roaming Pea-fowls) with the view to demonstrating the linkage between wildlife and culture and thereby emphasising the need for wildlife conservation.

The Kumasi Zoo occupies a prime site in the centre of Kumasi, providing one of the few green urban areas in Kumasi for both local citizens and visitors. It is situated in Kejetia, a suburb of the central business area of the Kumasi Metropolitan Area and is located between 6° 34’ N - 6° 46’ N and 1°30’ W - 1°44’ W of Ghana.
Manhyia Palace.

It is the seat or palace of the Ashanti King, which dates back to the 17th Century.  It also houses a Royal Museum stocked with rare and unique royal paraphernalia and life-size effigies of notable Ashanti Kings and Queens.

The palace also hosts the ever-popular Akwasidae Festival held every six weeks in accordance with the Ashanti traditional calendar.

Centre for National Culture


The Cultural Centre
, the first of its kind to be established in Sub-Saharan Africa in 1952 features the following:

Prempeh II Museum – (This museum principally showcases the rich history and culture of the Ashanti Kingdom.

Craft Centre – (Traditional craftsmen can be observed here displaying their skills in the weaving of the world famous kente cloth, pottery and brass smithing)

A Gift Shop – (The centre has a number of gift shops where Ashanti traditional textiles, leatherworks, carvings and other Ghanaian artifacts may be bought).

Cultural Displays and Tutorials – (Traditional dances and performances can be observed or taught for a fee on request)
Other places of interest include the following:
-    Okomfo Anokye Sword
-    Fort St. George (War Museum)
-    Kumasi Central Market
-    Kumasi Zoological Gardens

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

Agricultural Extension
The Metropolitan Food and Agriculture Directorate is headed by a Director who oversees its activities and operations.  It consists of six (6) departments, each headed by an officer.  They are the Veterinary Services; Livestock Production; Crops, Plant Protection and Regulatory Services; Extension Services; Women in Agriculture Department and the Management Information System Department.

The veterinary department has ten (10) officers comprising four (4) field technical officers and six (6) abattoir technical officers.

There are twenty-two (22) extension agents in the Metropolis.  However, the metropolis has been divided into nineteen (19) operational zones with an extension agent each.  Extension services cover areas such as crops, pets, large and small ruminants, poultry, aquaculture, piggery, abattoir inspection, snail, grasscutter and rabbit production and the control of the use of insecticides, pesticides and weedicides.

INDUSTRIAL SECTOR

Production and Marketing Centres

The Kumasi Metropolis has the infrastructure for both production and marketing. In terms of food crops it is a net importer. Most of the foodstuffs brought into the metropolis are brought in from the adjoining districts as well as distant areas such as Techiman, Nkoranza and Ejura. These areas are noted for yam and maize production. However, a limited amount of food crop production goes on in the peri–urban areas of the metropolis in cassava and vegetables.

Some production takes place in the area of manufacturing and industrial food processing. Automobile parts are manufactured at the Suame Foundry. Vehicle bodybuilding is undertaken at the Neoplan Assembly Plant.  The Breweries as well as the Coca Cola Bottling Plant undertake beverage processing.

Another area of manufacturing is in the wood processing industry, which is concentrated at Asokwa – Ahinsan – Kaase Enclave and Anloga. There are also pockets of other wood processing businesses dotted all over the metropolis.

Primary Production
The primary production sector of the metropolis is made up of urban agriculture and quarrying/sand winning. The agricultural sector, which is made up of farming, aquaculture, horticulture etc is limited to production of staple crops including maize, plantain, cocoyam, cassava, vegetables and nursery of industrial crops mainly oil palm, citrus fruits. There is also specialization in the distribution of food crops which are brought in from other parts of the country.

Manufacturing/Industry
The Industrial Sector is made up of manufacturing (breweries, beverages) and wood processing (plywood, boards). Most of the industries are located in the Asokwa-Ahinsan-Kaase industrial area, the hub of large-scale formal industries.

There is Vehicular parts production and service industry located at Suame Magazine which is the second largest industrial area in the metropolis.

The Informal production sector consists of Woodworking industries which are into the production of furniture located mainly at Anloga and Sokoban.  There are pockets of wood workers who are also scattered metro-wide. Petty commodity production (carving, weaving and pottery) are also located at Ahwia.  However, there is a decline in industry due to high cost of production resulting from high energy cost and cheap imports. There is also a vibrant construction industry in the metropolis.


OBUASI MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

ABOUT OBUASI MUNICIPAL

Obuasi Municipal Assembly was carved out of the erstwhile Adansi West District Assembly on the strength of executive instruments (E. I.) 15 of December, 2003 and Legislative Instrument L. I. 1795 of 17th March, 2007. 

The Municipality is located between latitude 5.35N and 5.65N and longitude 6.35N and 6.90N. It covers a land area of 162.4sqkm.  There are 53 communities in the Municipality which share 30 electoral areas.
The population of the Municipality according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census stands at 168,641 with 81,015 males 87,626 females.

ECONOMY
During the period January, 2001 to June, 2007 total revenue inflows into the Assembly’s Accounts amounted to Sixty-six Billion, Five Hundred and Seventy Million, Three Hundred and Five Thousand, Eight Hundred and Eighty-Three cedis (¢66,570,305,883.00).
Internally Generated Fund (IGF)

An examination of the Trial Balance for the period January, 2001 to June, 2007 revealed that a total amount of ¢23,403,884,576.00 representing 96% of the Total Estimated Revenue of ¢24,389,980,640.00 was collected from the Assembly’s Traditional sources of revenue.

The 96% overall achievement over the seven (7) years period is very commendable.  A cursory look at the above table indicates that apart from the year 2001 and 2006 which the Assembly collected about 86%, which was below target, in all the years during the period, the Assembly exceeded the 100% target.
The non-achievement of the 100% target in 2006 was mainly due to the fact that collection of Property Rate, which is the Assembly’s major source of Internally Generated Revenue, was suspended due to the revaluation exercise that was being undertaken by the Assembly and collection resumed in August, 2006 after the revaluation exercise.
One significant observation about the Assembly’s Internally Generated Revenue is the fact that Estimated and Actual Revenues jumped dramatically from ¢2,753,934,209.00 and ¢2,908,254,282.00 in 2005 to ¢8,561,323,771.00 and ¢7,411,542,956.00 in 2006 respectively.  The actual revenue increased by 254.8% from 2005 to 2006.
The main reason for the sharp increase in the Assembly’s Internally Generated Revenue was the Revaluation Exercise undertaken by the Assembly which raised estimated Property Rate payable from ¢1,201,754,209.00 in 2005 to ¢6,516,179,771.00 in 2006, an increase of 542.2% as per the following details.
Revenue from Property Rate outside AngloGold is expected to rise further if the remaining properties such as Telecommunication Masts (Antennas) of MTN (Scancom), Tigo (Millicom) and others like the Len Clay Sports Stadium, Engen Filling Station and suburbs such as Odumasi, Asonkore, Kwabenakwa, Ahansonyewodea, etc. are revalued and captured in the new Property Valuation List.

AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA) mission is to promote sustainable agriculture and thriving agribusiness through research and technology development, effective extension and other support services to farmers processors, and traders for improved human livelihood.

Food Situation
Though the effort of MOFA and other stakeholders over the period 2001 – 2007 Obuasi can boast of self-sufficiency in food supply especially cassava, plantain, cocoyam, maize and vegetables.  However little food stuff such as rice, maize, tomatoes, cowpea, yams are imported to supplement local sources due to their high demand.

Cash Crops    
Cash crops like oil palm, citrus, cocoa have seen a growth rate from 1% in 2000 – 6% in 2007.
Cocoa Diseases and Pest Control (CODAPEC)

This project began in 2001 after the Government initiated the mass spraying of cocoa.  It has since been implemented to date and MOFA was the implementing agent before handing it over to SCCVD.   In 2005 Hectors sprayed increased from 19,428.57 to 25,000 in 2005.  Cocoa mass spraying has reduced the incidence of capsid attack on cocoa by 60% and this coupled with other factors led to 20% increase in cocoa yields.

Cocoa Hi-Tech
Cocoa High-Tech was introduced by the NPP government through CRIG – Tafo in 2003.  Cocoa farms have seen considerable improvement in yield of cocoa through the introduction of cocoa fertilize yield have shot up by 20%.

Fish Ponds
Aquaculture continues to gain the interest of most farmers.  The industry has increased from 5 in 2001 to 31 fish ponds being mined by 18 fish pond farmers currently.
Food and Agricultural Budgetary Support (FABs)

The above project, FABs funded by CIDA commenced in the Obuasi Municipality in 2004.  A total of ¢207,000,000 was disbursed to farmers in Obuasi and Adansi North Districts.

EJISU-JUABENG MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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BEKWAI MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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MAMPONG MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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OFFINSO MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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ASOKORE MAMPONG MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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ASANTE AKIM CENTRAL MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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EJURA-SEKYIDUMASE MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY

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AHAFO-ANO SOUTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

AHAFO-ANO NORTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

AMANSIE WEST DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

ASANTE-AKIM SOUTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

ATWIMA NKAWIE DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

ADANSI SOUTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

ADANSI NORTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

AMANSIE CENTRAL DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

ATWIMA MPONUA DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

SEKYERE CENTRAL DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

BOSOME FREHO DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

ATWIMA KWANWOMA DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

OFFINSO NORTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

AFRIGYA-KWABRE DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

KWABRE EAST DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

SEKYERE SOUTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

SEKYERE EAST DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

BOSOMTWE DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

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ASANTE AKIM NORTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

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SEKYERE AFRAM PLAINS NORTH DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

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SEKYERE AFRAM PLAINS DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

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SEKYERE KUMAWU DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

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